淨零碳建築認證:TÜV萊茵“建築減碳”的先鋒行動

德国莱茵tuv 淨零碳建築認證:TÜV萊茵“建築減碳”的先鋒行動
2022年3月14日 | 認證標識

淨零碳,在近年來呼聲持續高漲的“碳達峰”、“碳中和”進程中是個相對比較新的概念。事實上,作為ESG(Environmental、 Social、Governance,即環境、社會、公司治理)的重要組成部分,全球不少企業都已經積極投身淨零碳領域的探索和實踐。

Net zero carbon is a relatively new concept in the process of “carbon peaking” and “carbon neutrality”, which have been continuously raised in recent years. In fact, as an important part of ESG (Environmental, Social, Governance, that is, environmental, social, corporate governance), many companies have actively participated in the exploration and practice of net zero carbon.

 

去年11月,德國萊茵TÜV就與英國建築研究院(BRE)在第四屆進博會上聯合推出了淨零碳建築認證評估體系,企業可以通過建築碳資產管理的標準化路徑,實施其碳中和戰略目標。作為建築淨零碳領域的先鋒行動,雙方的合作引起了業界的廣泛關注。

In November 2021, TÜV Rheinland and the United Kingdom’s Building Research Institute (BRE) jointly launched a net-zero carbon building certification evaluation system at the 4th China International Import Expo (CIIE). As a pioneering action in the field of building net zero carbon, the cooperation between the two parties has attracted widespread attention in the industry.

 

建築脫碳,刻不容緩

據世界綠色建築委員會(WorldGBC)的數據顯示,目前建築物碳排放佔全球能源相關總碳排放量的39%,其中運營期碳排放佔全球總碳排放量的28%,而隱含碳排放佔比為11%。

在中國,“綠色建築”的概念已經推行了超過10年,而在全球範圍內,BRE是知名的專業建築環境研究機構,百年來專注於製定建築行業標準,其製定的英國綠色建築評估體系(BREEAM)既是全球首個綠色建築評價標準,也是目前全球最為廣泛使用的綠色建築評價標準。如今,BRE與TÜV萊茵一拍即合,在中國正式發布淨零碳建築評價體系標準,為中國實現3060雙碳目標提供助力

Urgent Building Decarbonization

According to data from the World Green Building Council (WorldGBC), carbon emissions from buildings currently account for 39% of total global energy-related carbon emissions, of which carbon emissions during the operation period account for 28% of global total carbon emissions, while embodied carbon emissions account for 11%.

In China, the concept of “green building” has been implemented for more than 10 years, and globally, BRE is a well-known professional building environment research institution. BREEAM was not only the world’s first green building evaluation standard, but is also its most widely used. Today, BRE and TÜV Rheinland have established a solid partnership and officially released the net-zero carbon building evaluation system standard in China, helping China achieve its 3060 dual carbon goals.

 

淨零碳建築認證:極具挑戰,但意義非凡

近20年來,伴隨中國建築地產行業的迅猛發展,中國建築規模以肉眼可見的速度持續擴大,所以若要評估建築——無論是新建建築還是既有建築——全生命週期的碳排放是件極具挑戰的事,但意義卻非同尋常

TÜV萊茵與BRE基於BREEAM、國際溫室氣體排放核查標準、中國溫室氣體排放核查指南,以及國內外建築碳足跡計算標準和TÜV萊茵中國標識認證體系,聯合推出淨零碳建築認證評估體系,提出了一整套黃金評估驗證準則,包括驗證建築物整個生命週期內的碳排放總量,評估其碳管理流程的合規有效,確保建築物在生命週期內實現最小的碳排放和最高的資源利用效率。

值得一提的是,在淨零碳建築認證評估體系的技術路徑中,從隱含碳到運營碳,從涉及房產開發商、建築設計師、EPC總包商的新建建築,到涉及資產管理方、物業運營方、租戶適用方的既有建築,從以設計資料為評價依據,注重項目方案的碳排放估算,到以實際數據為評價依據,注重項目實際碳排放的改善,該體系反映了最新的科學和行業思維,根據不同建築/資產類型和生命週期定制了評估方法,將全面支持具有挑戰性但可實現的建築減排脫碳。

Net Zero Carbon Building Certification: Challenging But Meaningful

In the past 20 years, with the rapid development of China’s construction and real estate industry, the scale of China’s construction has continued to expand at a speed that is visible to the naked eye.

TÜV Rheinland and BRE have jointly launched a net-zero carbon building certification evaluation system based on BREEAM, international greenhouse gas emission verification standards, China’s greenhouse gas emission verification guidelines, as well as domestic and foreign building carbon footprint calculation standards and the TÜV Rheinland China Mark certification system. A complete set of golden assessment verification criteria has been presented, including verifying the total carbon emissions of a building throughout its life cycle, assessing the compliance and effectiveness of its carbon management process, and ensuring that the building achieves minimum carbon emissions and maximum resource utilization efficiency during its life cycle.

It is worth mentioning that in the technical path of the net-zero carbon building certification and evaluation system, this system is based on the latest scientific and industry thinking, with the assessment methodology customized according to different building/asset types and life cycles, thereby fully supporting the challenging but achievable decarbonization of building emissions reduction. The system encompasses everything from embodied carbon to operational carbon, involving all applicable parties from new buildings involving real estate developers, architects, and EPC general contractors to those involving asset managers, to existing buildings for property operators and tenants. Design data is utilized as the evaluation basis, focusing on the carbon emissions estimation of a project plan, and actual data utilized as the evaluation basis, focusing on the improvement of the actual carbon emissions of a project.

 

首批淨零碳建築認證

先鋒項目已正式啟動

說到淨零碳排放,指的是減少溫室氣體排放,以平衡從地球大氣中產生和去除的排放物。而建築物淨零碳排放,則意味著該建築能源和資源利用效率高,由現場或異地的可再生能源提供動力,而其殘餘排放量可被碳清除量抵消。

此次TÜV萊茵攜手BRE打造的淨零碳建築認證,涵蓋了建築材料隱含碳排放、建築運營期(新建築、現有建築)的運營碳排放,以及建築整個生命週期內的碳排放。

其中,所謂“隱含碳”指的是建築產品供應鏈,包括能源消耗、化學反應、運輸和安裝/施工活動,而“運營碳”,則是指運營期間的加熱、冷卻和供電。最新數據顯示,全球建築業的排放量和能源需求都在增加,這無疑成為碳減排努力的主要目標。

為了幫助企業更好地通過認證切實提升建築碳資產管理的標準化和有效性,淨零碳建築評價體系的認證申請流程清晰明了:

企業確定申報範疇並提交文件進行自主申請後,TÜV萊茵將根據申請企業提供的材料清單完成文件審核,針對既有建築進行現場審核及現場數據抽樣核查,最終根據審核結果進行評估,碳排放計算結果滿足淨零碳或低碳運營標準,以及建築碳管理流程評估合格的申請者,將獲頒含有“淨零碳建築”或“低碳運營”關鍵字的淨零碳建築認證證書。

目前,淨零碳建築認證先鋒項目申請已經正式啟動,並且首批先鋒項目已於1月15日完成了申請材料的提交,進入審核階段,預計將於5月正式公佈首批試點項目。屆時,首批淨零碳建築認證將正式頒發。

First Batch of Net Zero Carbon Building Certifications

Pioneer Project Officially Launched

A building with net zero carbon emissions means the building is energy and resource efficient, powered by on-site or off-site renewable energy, and its residual emissions can be offset by carbon removals.

The net-zero carbon building certification created by TÜV Rheinland and BRE covers the embodied carbon emissions of building materials, operational carbon emissions during building operation (new buildings, existing buildings), and carbon emissions during the entire life cycle of buildings.

Among these, so-called “embodied carbon” refers to the building product supply chain, including energy consumption, chemical reactions, transportation, and installation/construction activities, and “operational carbon” refers to heating, cooling, and power supply during operation. The latest figures show that both emissions and energy demand from the global construction industry are increasing, making this a key target for carbon reduction efforts.

In order to help companies better standardize and effectively improve their management of carbon assets in buildings through certification, the certification application process for the Net Zero Carbon Building Evaluation System is clear:

After an enterprise determines the scope of application and submits the documents for self-application, TÜV Rheinland will complete the document review according to the material list provided by the applicant enterprise, conduct an on-site audit and on-site data sampling verification for existing buildings, and finally conduct an evaluation based on the audit results and the carbon emission calculation results. Applicants who meet the net-zero carbon or low-carbon operation criteria and pass the building carbon management process assessment will be awarded a net-zero carbon building certification certificate containing the keywords “net-zero carbon building” or “low-carbon operation.”

The application process for pioneer project net zero carbon building certification has been officially launched, with the submission of application materials for the first batch of pioneer projects completed on January 15, entering the review stage. It is expected that the first batch of successful pilot projects will be officially announced in May, with the first batch of net zero carbon building certifications officially issued at that time.